As a part of home foundation inspection, that you could do yourself, check the following areas to diagnose the potential problems your house may face:
When you start your house foundation inspection, start with the foundation itself. This structure is built to last. It ideally shouldn’t show any signs of structural damage. The possible signs of damage that foundation could show are:
- Hairline fractures or cracks (vertical, horizontal or zigzagging),
- Sagging or buckling of foundation floors or walls,
- Ruptures or gaps,
- Crumbling or flaking (of the concrete),
- Moisture (including pooling water, mold and stains)
These inspections should be conducted both inside the home (within the basement) and along all exterior surfaces of the foundation.
Water damage and soil shifting
Whether a symptom or not, water damage requires immediate attention. Improper drainage is one of the leading causes of foundation failure. Soil surrounding the home rapidly expands during wet spells and contracts during dry ones. This leads to unnatural soil shifting placing tremendous pressure on the underlying foundation. In addition to being a major cause of foundation damage, improper water drainage is also a telltale sign that foundation failure has already taken place. Shut off all the water based appliances and check if water damage still exists in other parts of the house, sometimes hidden from view.
Misaligned doors, windows and floors
Misaligned doors and windows is a strong indicator of shifting in your home due to foundation movement. A sloping floor can directly point to the area of the foundation that’s failing. Large doors, windows and garage doors for example, will exhibit cracks and gaps at the corner joints if your foundation begins to shift. Watch out for these signs when you carry out your home foundation inspection.
Sagging floors and warped ceilings
Because of foundation issues, it is possible to experience problems in the upper levels of the home in the form of sagging floors and warped ceilings. Use a level tool to verify whether the slope is consistent on each floor and ceiling. If that is too fancy a solution for you, use a tennis ball to see if minute gradients exist. When placed in random locations on every floor, the tennis ball should never move.
Crumbling, cracked or buckling walls
All properties settle with time and it’s only natural. In fact, building materials are designed to “give” a little bit. But excessive settling is another common sign of foundation failure, with the most obvious symptoms manifesting as cracks, buckling and crumbling in the upper walls of the home. Homeowners should routinely inspect all interior and exterior walls for cracks, fissures, warps and shifts, Crumbling and decay — especially with cement or brick façades, Water damage.
Call us at 1CallInspection so that we may be able to assist you in your home foundation inspection. Your safety is a priority for us.